Many people in the world are confronted with visual disorders. One of these disorders is myopia, which bothers children and adults. Some people neglect it until it gets worse before they seek remedies. Read on to find out how to correct this condition.
The causes of myopia
Before we start talking about the causes of myopia, remember that myopia is a vision disorder where the sufferer sees objects close to him or her clearly, but not those that are far away. In fact, studies have shown several factors that can be the cause of myopia. The first cause is related to genes. If one of the parents of a child suffers from myopia, it is certain that his children will also suffer from it. Secondly, there are activities that force the eyes to work, such as reading. In addition, some researchers note that environmental factors also play an important role in the development of this visual disorder. According to them, lack of exposure to natural sunlight disrupts the growth of the eye and this is what promotes myopia. Finally, nearsightedness is also caused by the eyeball being longer than average and the light entering it being in the wrong place.
What can be done to correct myopia?
There are many things you can do to correct myopia. First of all, you can choose to wear glasses or contact lenses while consulting an ophthalmologist. Myopia is corrected by a concave divergent lens that refracts parallel rays. The more regularly you wear them, the more you will not have any vision problems. Apart from glasses and lenses, you can also have refractive surgery. This uses surgery or laser techniques to change the refraction of the eye. Surgery allows short-sighted people to stop wearing glasses and contacts. Finally, you can also use visual exercises to correct the condition.